2007年5月翻译考试英语初级笔译实务真题及答案 - 初级笔译真题 - 学苑网(edu24h.com)|教育招生考试培训

2007年5月翻译ope体育网站英语初级笔译实务真题及答案
2020-03-20 21:01:47   来源:学苑网校   评论:0 点击:

2007年5月翻译ope体育网站英语初级笔译实务真题及答案

  试题部分:

  Section 1: English-Chinese Translation (英译汉) (60 points)

  Translate the following passage into Chinese. The time for this section is 120 minutes.

  It took nine years from the time the Danish and Swedish governments agreed to build a fixed link between their countries to the time the first car, train, truck and bicyclists crossed the Oresund Bridge.

  Construction of the bridge, including design and cornerstone, began in March 1991 and was completed in July 2000. Today, it is the longest stone-stayed road and rail bridge in the world. At approximately 10 miles (16 kilometers), including the tunnel, it is an engineering and architectural marvel. But as time has proven, the bridge is a cultural and economic boon as well. The sleek span of concrete whose design typifies Scandinavian minimalism has contributed greatly to the development of the Oresund region: the eastern part of Denmark, including Copenhagen, and the southwestern part of Sweden, including Malmö and Lund.

  The level of commuting between Malmö and Copenhagen has quadrupled since the opening of the bridge in 2000, and the number of Danes moving to the south of Sweden has increased six fold. The Oresund region has become a cultural and economic powerhouse, considered a model region by the European Union.

  Work on the bridge began in 1995, and was undertaken by a team of international consulting and construction companies.

  From the beginning, construction of the bridge complied with some of the world’s toughest environmental regulations, as well as many advanced design and construction details. The Mexico-based CEMEX, one of the world’s largest producers of Cement and ready-mix concrete, was awarded a contract to deliver tons of high-quality cement to help build the main part of the bridge, the two approach bridges and the tunnel.

  When it opened in July 2000, the Oresund Bridge consisted of a 3.5-kilometer immersed tunnel, the largest of its kind in the world, a 4-kilometer long artificial island (made from mud dug out from the bottom of strait to make space for the tunnel) and a 7.8-kilometer cable-stayed bridge, the world’s longest bridge including both a highway and a railroad.

  Though just half of the total construction, the actual bridge span, is visible above water, the overall architecture was designed to please the eye from both the Danish and Swedish sides of the strait.

  The four 204-meter (670 feet) tall pillars carrying the bridge have a simple Scandinavian design. To drivers and passengers crossing the bridge, the pillars provide a visual, as well as actual, impression of stability and calm.

  The two-level structure is made of steel and concrete. Along tile two approach bridges, tracks are piaced in concrete troughs that turn into steel decks on the bridge. The bridge’s upper deck carries cars and trucks, while the lower deck accommodates the railroad. The four pillars are grounded in giant cement boxes placed at the bottom of the strait, about 18 meters below sea level.

  Last year, an average of 13,600 vehicles and 17,000 passengers crossed the bridge everyday, and traffic continues to increase by 10-20 percent every year.

  Throughout the construction process, the Danish and Swedish environmental agencies have surveyed but found no changes in the wildlife, birds, fish and vegetation surrounding the bridge. In addition, the chemicals used in construction and the percentage of waste materials have been kept to a minimum, as required by both Danish and Swedish laws.

  In 2003, the Oresund Bridge won the IABSE (International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering) Outstanding Structural Award for its innovative design, planning and construction management, as well as its strict compliance with the time schedule, budget and environmental requirements.

  Section 2: Chinese-English Translation (汉译英) (40 points)

  Translate the following passage into English. The time for this section is 60 minutes.

  能源是人类社会赖以生存和发展的重要物质基础。纵观人类社会发展的历史,人类文明的每一次重大进步都伴随着能源的改进和更替。能源的开发利用极大地推进了世界经济和人类社会的发展。

  过去100多年里,发达国家先后完成了工业化,消耗了地球上大量的自然资源,特别是能源资源。当前,一些发展中国家正在步入工业化阶段,能源消费增加是经济社会发展的客观必然。

  中国是当今世界上最大的发展中国家,发展经济,摆脱贫困,是中国政府和中国人民在相当长一段时期内的主要任务。20世纪70年代末以来,中国作为世界上发展最快的发展中国家,经济社会发展取得了举世瞩目的辉煌成就,成功地开辟了中国特色社会主义道路,为世界的发展和繁荣作出了重大贡献。

  中国是目前世界上第二位能源生产国和消费国。能源供应持续增长,为经济社会发展提供了重要的支撑。能源消费的快速增长,为世界能源市场创造了广阔的发展空间。中国已经成为世界能源市场不可或缺的重要组成部分,对维护全球能源安全,正在发挥着越来越重要的积极作用。

上一篇:2007年11月翻译ope体育网站英语初级笔译实务真题及答案
下一篇:2008年11月翻译ope体育网站英语初级笔译实务真题及答案

免责声明:以上内容仅代表原创者观点,其内容未经本站证实,学苑网对以上内容的真实性、完整性不作任何保证或承诺,转载目的在于传递更多信息,由此产生的后果与学苑网无关;如以上转载内容不慎侵犯了您的权益,请联系我们QQ:381614337,我们将会及时处理。

  • 关于我们
  • |
  • 公司地址
  • |
  • 网站声明
  • |
  • 版权声明
  • |
  • 联系方式
  • Copyright ©2010-2013 学苑网 (edu24h.com) All Rights Reserved.
    客服电话:010-69231262  E-mail:services@edu24h.com.
    京ICP备09050833号
  • 在线客服
  • 点击这里给我发消息
  • 点击这里给我发消息
  • 客服热线:
  • 010-69231262