2019年翻译资格考试初级口译精选句子解析10篇 - 考试专题 - 学苑网(edu24h.com)|教育招生考试培训

2019年翻译资格ope体育网站初级口译精选句子解析10篇
2019-06-12 15:15:11   来源:学苑网   评论:0 点击:

  1. My wages are barely enough to keep body and soul together.

  我的工资仅够维持生计。

  ►keep body and soul together 仅能维持生活,勉强度日,勉强地生活下去,糊口

  e.g. I hate my job, but I have to keep body and soul together somehow. 我讨厌我的工作,但不管怎么样我得挣钱糊口。

  2. Count your blessings.

  你知足吧。

  3. Would you like your steak rare, medium, or well-done?

  您的牛排要三分熟,五分熟,还是全熟?

  >>西餐英语——牛排几分熟<<

  4. Steer clear of trouble.

  少管闲事。

  ►steer clear of 躲避,避开,绕开,避免

  e.g. Kids should steer clear of that park, it doesn’t seem safe. 那个公园好像不安全,孩子们应该避开。

  5. You better hew to the line.

  你最好守规矩。

  ►hew to the line 服从纪律,循规蹈矩

  e.g. We should hew to the Party’s line. 我们应该坚持党的路线。

  6. What’s cuter than that?

  你嘴巴真甜。

  7. The rarer it is, the more it is worth.

  物以稀为贵。

  8. You brought it up.

  是你先提这件事的。

  ►bring up 提出;教育;养育;呕出;(船等)停下

  e.g. Please bring up this point at the next meeting. 请把这一点在下次会议上提出来。

  9. It is bred in the bone.

  本性难移。

  ►bred in the bone 生来就有的,与生俱来的,天赋的;根除不了的,改不掉的

  10. I’ll give you the lowdown.

  我会告诉你关键信息。[page]

  我们应该尊重和维护世界文明的多样性。各国文明的多样性,是人类社会的基本特征,也是推动世界文明进步的重要动力。当今世界拥有60亿人口,200多个国家和地区,2500多个民族,5000多种语言。各个国家和地区,无论是历史传统、宗教信仰和文化背景,还是社会制度、价值观念和发展程度,往往存在这样那样的差异,整个人类文明也因此而交相辉映、多姿多彩。

  We should respect and maintain the diversity of the world's civilizations. The diverse civilizations are a hallmark of human society and an important driving force behind human progress. Our world today has over 6 billion inhabitants living in more than 200 countries and regions. They break down into over 2,500 ethnic groups and speak more than 5,000 different languages. Be it historical tradition, faith and culture, or social system, values and level of development, those countries or regions are often different from one another. It is these differences that make our planet dazzling, colorful and bustling with life.

  这种文明的多样性是在历史长河中形成的,并将长期存在下去。中国古代思想家孔子曾说过,“万物并育而不相害,道并行而不相悖”。我们应该充分尊重各国文明的多样性,而不应人为歧视或贬低他国文明;应该鼓励各种文明在对话交流中相互借鉴、取长补短,而不应相互隔绝和相互排斥;应该倡导各种文明在相互包容、求同存异中共同发展,而不应强求一 律、强加于人。

  Such diversity is a legacy of history and will stay with us into the future. The ancient Chinese thinker Confucius once said, "All living creatures grow together without harming one another; ways run parallel without interfering with one another." Instead of harboring bias against or deliberately belittling other civilizations, we should give full respect to the diversity of civilizations. Instead of shutting each other out in mutual exclusion, we should encourage dialog and exchange between civilizations so that they can learn from each other in mutual emulation. Instead of demanding uniformity and imposing one's will on others, we should promote common development of all civilizations in the course of mutual tolerance and seeking agreement while shelving differences.[page]

  1. Some have breathed sighs of relief, others, including churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back.

  [参考译文] 一些机构终于松了一口气,但是其他一些机构,包括教堂,倡导生命之权的团体和澳大利亚医学协会,尖锐地抨击这个法案,指责法案的通过过于匆忙。但是大势已定,不可逆转。

  2. In Australia- where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their partother states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.

  [参考译文] 在澳大利亚--人口老龄化,延长寿命的技术和变化看的社会态度,这些因素都在发挥作用一一其他的州也会考虑制定相似的关于安乐死的法律。

  3. There are, of course, exceptions. Small--minded officials, rude waiters, and ill mannered taxi drivers are hardly unknown in the US. Yet it is an observation made so frequently that it deserves comment.

  [参考译文] 当然,例外是存在的。在美国,心胸狭窄的官员,粗鲁的传者,和没有 礼貌的出租车司机也并不少见。然而人们常常得出这样的观察意见,这使得它值得被讨论一下。

  4. We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache, some wine to be sociable, coffee to get going in the morning, a cigarette for the nerves.

  [参考译文] 我们生活在一种药品(毒品)的医学用途和社会用途都很广泛的社会里:一片用来止头痛的阿斯匹林,一些用来社交的葡萄酒,早上自己提提神所喝的咖啡,一支用来定神的香烟。[page]

  1. The most thrilling explanation is, unfortunately, a little defective. Some economists argue that powerful structural changes in the world have upended the old economic models that were based upon the historical link between growth and inflation.

  [参考译文] 很不幸,这最令人震惊的解释有一点缺陷。一些经济学家认为世界经济 结构的强有力的变化已经结束了那个以经济增长和通货膨胀的历史关联为基础的旧的经济模式。

  2. The Aswan Dam, for example, stopped the Nile flooding but deprived Egypt of the fertile silt that floods left-all in return for a giant reservoir of disease which is now so full of silt that it barely generates electricity.

  [参考译文] 例如,阿斯旺大坝使得尼罗河不再洪水泛滥,但是它也夺去了埃及以前 所享有的洪水留下的肥沃淤泥--这些换宋的就是这么个疾病滋生的水库,现在这个水库积满了淤泥,几乎不能发电了。

  3. New ways of organizing the workplace--all that re-engineering and downsizing--are only one contribution to the overall productivity of an economy, which is driven by many other factors such as joint investment in equipment and machinery, new technology, and investment in education and training,

  [参考译文] 企业重组的新方法--所有那些重新设计、缩小规模的做法--只是对 一个经济的整体生产力做出了一方面的贡献。这种经济还受许多其他因素的驱动,比如结合设备和机械上的投资、新技术,以及在教育和培训 上的投资。

  4. His colleague, Michael Beer, says that far too many companies have applied re-engineering in a mechanistic fashion, chopping out costs without giving sufficient thought to long-term profitability.

  [参考译文] 他的同事迈克尔·比尔说,有太多的公司已经用一种机械的方式实行公 司内部的重新设计,在没有充分考虑长期赢利的能力下削减了成本。

  5. Defenders of science have also voiced their concerns at meetings such as "The Flight from S.cience and Reason" , held in New York City in 1995, and "Science in the Age of (Mis) information, which assembled last June near Buffalo.

  [参考译文] 科学卫士们在会议上也表述了他们的关注,比如1995年在纽约市举行的 "逃离科学与理性"会议,以及去年6月在布法罗附近召开的"(错误) 信息时代的科学"会议。

  6. A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals that the antiscience tag has been attached to many other groups as well, from authorities who advocated the elimination of the last remaining stocks of smallpox virus to Republicans who advocated decreased funding for basic research.

  [参考译文] 一项关于1996年新闻报道的调查显示,反科学的标签还可以贴在许多其 他团体身上,从提倡消灭最后存留的天花病毒的权威机构,到鼓吹削减基础研究经费的共和党人(都被贴上了反科学的标签)。

  7. The 'true enemies of science, argues Paul Ehrllch of Stanford University, a pioneer of environmental studies, are those who question the evidence supporting global warming, the depletion of the ozone layer and other consequences of industrial growth.

  [参考译文] 环境研究的先驱、斯坦福大学的保罗·厄尔里西认为,科学真正的敌人 是那些对支持全球变暖、臭氧层损耗以及工业发展的其他后果的证据提出置疑的人。[page]

  1. On the one hand, it is indisputable that boarding schools are exerting a growing important effect, especially in last few years.

  一方面,寄宿学校正在发挥越来越重要的作用,尤其是最近几年,这是无可争辩的。

  2. Students attend a boarding school would cultivate their independence as apart from their parents.

  离开父母上寄宿学校的学生将会培养他们的独立性。

  3. What’s more, living in school can save them a great deal of time on the way between home and school everyday, so they would be able to concentrate more time and energy on their academic work.

  而且,生活在学校里能节省大量每天往返于学校和家的路上的时间,这会使他们有更多的时间和精力放在学习上。

  4. On the other hand, the contribution of day schools can’t be ignored.

  另一方面,日制学校的贡献是不能忽视的。

  5. Due to high tuition fee, most of ordinary families cannot afford to send their children to boarding schools.

  因为较高的学费,大部分普通家庭支付不起他们的孩子上寄宿学校的费用。

  6. Since it is unnecessary to consider students’ routine life, day school can lay stress on teaching instead of other aspects, such as management of dormitory and cafeteria.

  由于无需考虑学生的日常生活,日制学校可以将重点放在教学上而不是放在像宿舍和食堂管理这些方面。

  7. Furthermore, students living in their own home would have access to a comfortable life and have more opportunities to communicate with their parents, which exerts beneficial impact on development of their personal character.

  而且,学生生活在自己家中,有舒适的生活,并有更多机会和父母交流,这对他们个性的培养是有利的。

  8. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that both of day schools and boarding schools are important to train young students for our society.

  通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论,寄宿学校和日制学校对我们社会培养年轻学生都是重要的。

  9. There is much discussion over science and technology. One of the questions under debate is whether traditional technology and methods are bound to die out when a country begins to develop modern science and technology.

  关于科学技术存在许多争论,其中一个问题是当国家发展现代科学技术时,传统的技术方法是否可能会消亡?

  10. As for me, the declining of traditional technology and methods is not a bad thing; it is the natural result of progress of society.

  我认为,传统技术方法的消亡不一定是坏事,这是社会进步的自然结果。[page]

  1. In the first place, some aspects of the traditional technology and methods are harmful and hampering the development of modern science and technology.

  首先,传统技术方法有些部分是有害的,并且会阻碍现代科技的发展。

  2. Although modern science and technology have proved that such methods are absurd, there are still millions of people use such methods in many remote places nowadays.

  尽管现代科学技术已经证明了这些方法是愚昧的,然而在许多偏僻的地方,仍有成千上万的人们在使用这些方法。

  3. In the second place, many values of traditional technology are out of date and should be replaced by modern science.

  第二点,许多传统技术方法已经过时,应被现代科技所取代。

  4. Although many people tend to live under the illusion that traditional technology and methods are still playing extremely important role in people’s life, increasing evidences show that it is less useful than many people think.

  尽管许多人保持着传统观念,认为传统技术方法在人们生活中仍发挥着重要作用,但是越来越多的证据显示它并没有人们想象的有用。

  5. From what has been discussed above, I firmly believe that time will prove that traditional technology and methods would die out with the development of modern science and technology. The maintenance of the traditional technology and methods is futile.

  通过以上讨论,我坚定地相信时间会证明传统技术方法将会随着现代技术的发展而消亡,坚持传统技术方法是徒劳的。

  6. At the time when technology means ever more harmful carbon in the air we breathe, we need these forests now more than ever.

  当技术的发展意味着我们会吸入更多有害气体时,我们比任何时候更需要森林。

  7. Nothing is more important than to receive education.

  没有比接受教育更重要的事。

  8. We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

  我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

  9. There is no denying that our living qualities have gone from bad to worse.

  无可否认,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

  10. It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.

  全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。[page]

  1. The overall result has been to make entrance to professional geological journals harder for a mateurs, a result that has been reinforced by the widespread introduction of refereeing, first by national journals in the 19th century and then by several local geological journals in the 20th century.

  [参考译文] 这样一来总的结果便是业余爱好者想在专业地质学期刊…卜发表文章就更难了,而被广泛使用的论文评审推荐制度又进一步强化了这一结果,该种制度先是出现在19世纪的国家级刊物上,后又在20世纪被几家地方级地质学刊物所使用。

  2. A rather similar process of differentiation has led to professional geologists coming together nationally within one or two specific societies, whereas the amateurs have tended either to remain in local societies or to come together nationally in a different way.www.ExamW.CoM

  [参考译文] 一个颇为相似的分化过程已经导致专业的地质学家走到一起组成一到两个全国性的专科学术社团,而业余地质爱好者们倾向于要么仍留在地方社团,要么也以另一种方式组成全国性机构。

  3. Sad to say, this project has turned out to be mostly low--level findings about factual errors and spelling and grammar mistakes, combined with lots of head--scratching puzzlement about what in the world those readers really want.

  [参考译文] 遗憾地讲,这次新闻机构可信度调查计划结果只获得了一些十分低层次的发现,比如新闻报道中的事实错误,拼写或语法错误(和这些低层次发现)交织在一起的还有许多令人挠头的困惑,譬如读者到底想读些什么。

  4. I believe that the most important forces behind the massive M&M wave are the same that underlie the globalization process: falling transportation and communication costs, lower trade and investment barriers and enlarged markets that require enlarged operations capable of meeting customers' demands.

  [参考译文] 我认为巨大的并购浪潮背后的最重要的推动力同时也就是促成全球化进程的那方基石:即降低交通运输成本,逐渐减少贸易投资壁垒,以及大幅度拓展市场,这些都要求更大规模的经营管理以满足消费者需求。

  5. A lateral move that hurt my pride and blocked my professional progress promoted me to abandon my relatively high profile career although, in the manner of a disgraced government minister, I covered my exit by claiming "I wanted to spend more time with my family."

  [参考译文] 一次侧面的不光明磊落的攻击伤害了我的自尊,阻碍了我事业的发展,使我不得不抛弃了那份引人注目的工作,尽管表面上我还要以一个蒙受屈辱的政府部长的姿态,通过声称"我只不过是想多和家人呆在一起" 来掩盖我的退出。

  6. I have discovered, as perhaps Kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation from the editorship of She after a build-up of stress, that abandoning the doctrine of "juggling your life", and making the alternative move into "downshifting brings with it far greater rewards than financial success and social status.

  [参考译文] 或许正像凯尔西在不堪积劳重负而公开地辞去她在《她》杂志社的编辑 一职之后一样,我已经发现,放弃那种"为生活忙碌"的人生信条并转而追求比较悠闲的生活带给你的回报远远大于经济成功和社会地位。

  7. While in America the trend started as a reaction to the economic decline-after the mass redundancies caused by downsizing in the late ' 0s-and is still linked to the politics of thrift, in Britain, at least among the middle-class down shifters of my acquaintance, we have different reasons for seeking to simplify our lives.

  [参考译文] 在美国,这一返朴趋势是以经济衰落的反应为开始的--那是在0年 代末期裁员而引起大量的失业之后一一现在依然与提倡节俭的政纲相:关;而在英国,最起码在我所熟识的中产阶级返朴归隐者中,追求简约; 生活的原因就多种多样了[page]

  中国人认为,太极是天地万物之根源。太极分为阴阳二气,阴阳二气产生木、火、土、金、水这五行。五行代表或作用于人体器官,即火对心,木对肝,土对脾胃,金对肺,水对。肾。阴阳化合而生万物,太极则代表了阴阳调和。长期以来,世界只知道中国有指南针、火药、造纸和活字印刷四大发明。

  We Chinese believe that taiji is the origin of all lives on Earth. Taiji comprises yin and yang, two types of vital energy. The five elements of wood, fire, earth, metal and water derive from yin and yang. These five elements correspond to, or affect, particular human organs. That is, the element of the fire corresponds to the heart, the wood to the liver, the earth to the spleen and the stomach, the metal to the lung and the water to the kidney. The combination of yin and yang gives birth to all lives on Earth. Taiji represents the harmonious state of balance between yin and yang. For a long time, the rest of the world was only aware of China's four major inventions: the compass, gunpowder, paper-making and movable-type printing.

  几乎很少有人知道中国已发现了经络的存在。经络是指人体内血气运行通路的主干与分支网络,针刺穴位 散布其间。北京经络研究中心通过现代科学方法,已经证实了经络的存在。经络的发现无疑 是为《易经》和《黄帝内经》的理论提供了强有力的佐证。

  Very few know about China's discovery of jingluo that exists in a human body. Jingluo is a system of internal main and collateral channels, regarded as a network of energy passages, along which acupuncture points are distributed. The existence of jingluo has been proved by using modern scientific methods at the Beijing Jingluo Research Center. The discovery of the existence of jingluo provides a strong support for the theories advanced in The Book of Changes and Huang Di's Classic of Internal Medicine.[page]

  The "standard of living" of a country means the average person' s② share of the goods and services which the country produces. A country' s standard of living, therefore, depends first and foremost on its capacity to produce wealth. "Wealth" in this sense is not money, for we do not live on ② money but on things that money can buy: "goods" such as food and clothing, and "services" such as transport and entertainment.

  A country's capacity to produce wealth depends upon many factors, most of which have an effect on one another. Wealth depends to a great extent upon a country's natural resources, such as coal, gold, and other minerals, water supply and so on. Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals, and have a fertile soil and a favorable climate; other regions possess none of them.

  难点提示:

  ①一般人,老百姓

  ②靠……为生

  参考译文:

  任何一个国家的生活水平,指的是那个国家生产的产品和提供的服务为普通老百姓分享的情况.因此,一个国家的生活水平,首先取决于它创造财富的能力.在这个意义上,财富并不是指金钱,因为我们生存靠的不是钱,而是靠钱能买到的东西:比如食物和衣服这些"产品",交通和娱乐这些"服务".

  一个国家创造财富的能力取决于很多因素,其中大部分因素相互作用.财富在很大程度上依赖于一个国家的自然资源,比如煤矿、金矿和其他矿物质、水源等等.世界上有些地区煤矿和矿物质的储量丰富,土壤肥沃,气候适宜,其他地区却一样都不具备。[page]

  A new era is upon us. Call it what you will: the service economy, the information age, the knowledge society. It all translates to ① a fundamental change in the way we work. The percentage of people who earn their living by making things has fallen dramatically. Today the majority of jobs are in the service industry, and the number is on the rise.

  More women are in the work force than ever before. There are more part- time jobs. More people are self-employed. Above all, the economic transformation is giving rise to② a radical~ new way of thinking about the nature of work itself. Long-held notions about jobs and careers, the skills needed to succeed, even the relation between individuals and employers--all these are being challenged.

  难点提示:

  ①转变为,转化为

  ②引起,导致

  ③根本的,彻底的

  参考译文:

  一个新时代降临在我们身上.随你怎么称呼它:叫它服务型经济、信息时代,或者知识社会都行.它都反映在我们工作方式的根本改变上.靠生产物品谋生的人的比例大幅度下降.今天,大多数的人们都从事服务性行业的工作,而且人数呈上升趋势.

  劳动力中妇女的人数比以往任何时候都多.有更多兼职的工作.更多的人成为个体劳动者.最重要的是,经济的转变带来了对于工作本身的一种全新认识.工作和事业,成功所必需具备的技能,甚至就连个人与雇主的关系--长期以来对所有这些问题所持的看法都受到了挑

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